Product Scope

An explanation of the product scope in business analysis

Product scope refers to the features and functions that characterize a solution. It is created along with the business case as an output of the Assemble Business Case process, which integrates inputs from identifying the problem or opportunity, determining the future state, evaluating viable options, and developing the product roadmap. If the business case is approved, the initial product scope is established based on the chosen solution approach.

The product scope, understood at a high level at this stage, is used alongside the business case to develop the project charter. The charter formally authorizes the project, outlining the initial requirements and high-level scope, which helps guide the project’s direction and ensures alignment with stakeholder expectations. The business case provides the rationale for the project, highlighting the benefits, costs, and potential risks, while the product scope defines what the solution will deliver in terms of features and capabilities.

As the project progresses, the product scope continues to be refined through detailed analysis. It may be revised in response to changing business needs, emerging risks, or constraints imposed by budget or schedule. This iterative refinement process ensures that the product remains aligned with strategic goals and stakeholder requirements, adapting to any changes in the business environment or project context.

Throughout the initiative, the defined product scope is used as an input in several key business analysis processes. These include preparing for transition to the future state, determining and conducting elicitation, managing requirements, and evaluating the solution. By maintaining a clear and updated product scope, business analysts ensure a consistent and focused approach, facilitating effective communication, risk management, and alignment with the overall project objectives.

Last updated: May 26, 2024